Wildlife conservation or animal conservation is a simple practice of protecting animal species, their habits, and surroundings. It’s our belief that each living creature deserves a better lifestyle. In case of the animals, it is a part of our responsibilities to unite and do something better for them. We witnessed various animals’ misery, accident, death or other health issues many times. But, we do nothing for them because of numerous reasons. It is also confirmed that each religion teaches its followers to be kind with others, not only with humans but also with animals. Unfortunately, we forget the religious teachings and start focusing on daily needs and ignore others’ (animals, plants, and humans) necessities. This is not only a responsibility but also it’s our duty to take action and stand up for nature. Protect animals is also important because we humans, plants, animals and nature are interconnected. If one suffers, other three will automatically suffer.
An individual of any age can take part in such protecting nature activities, especially youngsters are the most energetic part of it. They have enough energy and power to generate positive opportunities to protect nature, creatures, and wildlife. It’s our luck that next generation is kind-hearted and has enough knowledge about humanity. The most common question is, how a person can save other animals’ life without following any rules or regulations implies by the countries’ government. Don’t worry, animal conservation is achieved through an act named as ESA (endangered species act). Before further proceeding, it’s important to know about ESA.
Acts for animal conservation and endangered species:
It’s a human nature that a shortage of anything attracts. Same happens with one species that received widespread attention from the inhabitants, that species is named as the whooping crane. The species’ historical range extended from Utah to the Atlantic coast and from central Canada South to Mexico. Till 1890, unregulated hunting and environmental loss or change contributed to the steady decline of this species. In the north-central US, it starts disappearing from its primary breeding. This unregulated hunting and decline in the most beautiful species’ range was a shook for everyone. That was the time when authorities start thinking about wildlife regulations. It would be another 8 years before the first wildlife regulating law was signed. In addition, another 2 years before endangered species act’s first version. In 1941, whooping cranes’ population was estimated only 16 birds.
This was the first federal law which was directly regulated commercial animal markets. In this law, the interstate killing of the animal was strongly condemned. This law covered all wildlife and nature’s aspects. After that, authorities passed a few other acts for animal conservation and endangered species. 1929’s act (Migratory bird conservation act), 1937 was about prohibiting of right and gray whales hunting, then Bald eagle protection act. These laws came with low-cost budget and face opposition. Congress adds some new provisions in land and water conservation fund act of 1965, that change provides money for land and water’s acquisition.
First, the ESA was passed in December 1969. Additionally, amended the original law to provide some additional protection and security to all animals. This act gives the conservation of endangered and threatened animals, plants and the environment. Accordingly, some species were missing in this law. To overcome from these issues, the amendments called for the worldwide meeting to adopt a treaty or convention on endangered species. This meeting was held in Washington, D.C. by February 1973 and created the inclusive multilateral treaty known as the convention or CITES on worldwide trade of endangered species of Flora and Fauna.
President Richard Nixon avowed existing species conservation efforts to be insufficient and called on 93rd United States’ Congress to pass proper and comprehensive endangered species law. In result, Congress answered with complete law and the endangered species act was signed by Nixon on 28 December 1973.
All rules and regulations are given in the act and you can read it very well from the internet in detail. Almost 2,268 species are listed as endangered in this act. The main objective to talk about acts and laws was to give an idea about animal conservation and its sensitivity.